The Guardian's 100 Greatest Non-Fiction Books

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  1. The Shock of the New by Robert Hughes (1980)
  2. The Story of Art by Ernst Gombrich (1950)
  3. Ways of Seeing by John Berger (1972)
  4. Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects by Giorgio Vasari (1550)
  5. The Life of Samuel Johnson by James Boswell (1791)
  6. The Diaries of Samuel Pepys by Samuel Pepys (1825)
  7. Eminent Victorians by Lytton Strachey (1918)
  8. Goodbye to All That by Robert Graves (1929)
  9. The Autobiography of Alice B Toklas by Gertrude Stein (1933)
  10. Notes on Camp by Susan Sontag (1964)
  11. Mythologies by Roland Barthes (1977)
  12. Orientalism by Edward Said (1978)
  13. Silent Spring by Rachel Carson (1962)
  14. The Revenge of Gaia by James Lovelock (1979)
  15. The History by Herodotus (c400 BC)
  16. The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon (1776)
  17. History of England by Thomas Babington Macaulay (1848)
  18. Eichmann in Jerusalem by Hannah Arendt (1963)
  19. The Making of the English Working Class by EP Thompson (1963)
  20. Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee by Dee Brown (1970)
  21. Hard Times by Studs Terkel (1970)
  22. Shah of Shahs by Ryszard Kapuscinski (1982)
  23. The Age of Extremes by Eric Hobsbawm (1994)
  24. We Wish to Inform You That Tomorrow We Will Be Killed with Our Familes by Philip Gourevitch (1999)
  25. Postwar by Tony Judt (2005)
  26. The Journalist and the Murderer by Janet Malcolm (1900)
  27. The Electric Kool-Aid Acid Test by Tom Wolfe (1968)
  28. Dispatches by Michael Herr (1977)
  29. The Lives of the Poets by Samuel Johnson (1779)
  30. An Image of Africa by Chinua Achebe (1975)
  31. The Uses of Enchantment by Bruno Bettelheim (1976)
  32. Godel, Escher, Bach by Douglas Hofstadter (1979)
  33. Confessions by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1782)
  34. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave by Frederick Douglass (1845)
  35. De Profundis by Oscar Wilde (1905)
  36. The Seven Pillars of Wisdom by TE Lawrence (1922)
  37. The Story of My Experiments with Truth by Mahatma Gandhi (1927)
  38. Homage to Catalonia by George Orwell (1938)
  39. The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank (1947)
  40. Speak, Memory by Vladimir Nabokov (1951)
  41. The Man Died by Wole Soyinka (1971)
  42. The Periodic Table by Primo Levi (1975)
  43. Bad Blood by Lorna Sage (2000)
  44. The Interpretation of Dreams by Sigmund Freud (1899)
  45. The Romantic Generation by Charles Rosen (1998)
  46. The Symposium by Plato (c400 BC)
  47. Meditations by Marcus Aurelius (c180)
  48. Essays by Michel de Montaigne (1580)
  49. Anatomy of Melancholy by Robert Burton (1621)
  50. Meditations on First Philosophy by René Descartes (1641)
  51. A Dialogue Concerning Natural Religion by David Hume (1779)
  52. Critique of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant (1781)
  53. Phenomenology of Mind by GWF Hegel (1807)
  54. Walden by HD Thoreau (1854)
  55. On Liberty by John Stuart Mill (1859)
  56. Thus Spake Zarathustra by Friedrich Nietzsche (1883)
  57. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions by Thomas Kuhn (1962)
  58. The Art of War by Sun Tzu (c500 BC)
  59. The Prince by Niccolò Machiavelli (1532)
  60. Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes (1651)
  61. The Rights of Man by Thomas Paine (1791)
  62. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman by Mary Wollstonecraft (1792)
  63. The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels (1848)
  64. The Souls of Black Folk by WEB DuBois (1903)
  65. The Second Sex by Simone de Beauvoir (1949)
  66. The Wretched of the Earth by Franz Fanon (1961)
  67. The Medium is the Message by Marshall McLuhan (1967)
  68. The Female Eunuch by Germaine Greer (1970)
  69. Manufacturing Consent by Noam Chomsky and Edward Herman (1988)
  70. Here Comes Everybody by Clay Shirky (2008)
  71. The Golden Bough by James George Frazer (1890)
  72. The Varieties of Religious Experience by William James (1902)
  73. On the Origin of Species by Charles Darwin (1859)
  74. The Character of Physical Law by Richard Feynmann (1965)
  75. The Double Helix by James Watson (1968)
  76. The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins (1976)
  77. A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking (1988)
  78. The Book of the City of Ladies by Christine de Pisan (1405)
  79. Praise of Folly by Erasmus (1511)
  80. Letters Concerning the English Nation by Voltaire (1734)
  81. Suicide by Émile Durkheim (1897)
  82. Economy and Society by Max Weber (1922)
  83. A Room of One's Own by Virginia Woolf (1929)
  84. Let Us Now Praise Famous Men by James Agee and Walker Evans (1941)
  85. The Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan (1963)
  86. In Cold Blood by Truman Capote (1966)
  87. Slouching Towards Bethlehem by Joan Didion (1968)
  88. The Gulag Archipelago by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (1973)
  89. Discipline and Punish by Michel Foucault (1975)
  90. News of a Kidnapping by Gabriel García Márquez (1996)
  91. The Travels of Ibn Battuta by Ibn Battuta (1355)
  92. Innocents Abroad by Mark Twain (1869)
  93. Black Lamb and Grey Falcon by Rebecca West (1941)
  94. Venice by Jan Morris (1960)
  95. A Time of Gifts by Patrick Leigh Fermor (1977)
  96. Danube by Claudio Magris (1986)
  97. China Along the Yellow River by Cao Jinqing (1995)
  98. The Rings of Saturn by WG Sebald (1995)
  99. Passage to Juneau by Jonathan Raban (2000)
  100. Letters to a Young Novelist by Mario Vargas Llosa (2002)

As your #20 book you have The Second Sex. Two titles below that is a title "The Medium is the Massage". The actual title of this book is "The Medium is the Message". Its an interesting book, but has some invalid assumptions in it. McLuhan starts discussing the revolution in music generated by the Beatles as though what they did was fully unique. He was unaware of the influence on their music that came from the US R&B music.

Thanks for catching that typo! I copied and pasted it straight from The Guardian, so I'm guessing it was incorrect there at the time. (I know the book, though I've only read excerpts -- I always love the scene in Annie Hall where Woody Allen produces McLuhan to tell the guy in line who's pontificating about McLuhan, "You know nothing of my work!")